面向世界科技前沿,面向国家重大需求,面向国民经济主战场,率先实现科学技术跨越发展,率先建成国家创新人才高地,率先建成国家高水平科技智库,率先建设国际一流科研机构。

——中国科学院办院方针

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Economic Watch: China's green aviation prospect creates global opportunities******

by Xinhua writer Hu Tao。

BEIJING, Nov. 17 (Xinhua) -- The green transformation of China's civil aviation industry is generating new business opportunities and vast space for innovation to industry players both at home and globally.。

The civil aviation authorities are committed to pushing forward the green transformation to ensure the industry's sustainable and healthy development, according to the Civil Aviation Administration of China (CAAC).。

In view of the goals of peaking its carbon dioxide emissions before 2030 and achieving carbon neutrality before 2060, China is speeding up the transformation to a clean and low-carbon energy consumption structure.。

The 14th Five-Year Plan period (2021-2025) is key for the civil aviation industry to upgrade from energy conservation and emission reduction to green and low-carbon development, said Zhang Qing, an official of the CAAC, at a recent press conference.。

"Eyeing the carbon-peaking and carbon-neutrality goals, we will safeguard the lifeline of safety and balance the ambition and pragmatic style of work." Zhang said.。

The CAAC will take carbon reduction as the key to promoting the green transformation, which highlights intelligence, greener energy and emissions reduction.。

INNOVATIVE MOVES FORWARD。

The civil aviation authorities and industry players have introduced diverse efforts such as upgrading infrastructure, improving operation management and introducing new technologies.。

On Nov. 12, China's Xiamen Airlines and the Industrial Bank jointly introduced the country's first carbon-neutrality ticket, a move to generate efforts from diverse parties to boost low-carbon flight.。

While a passenger buys such a carbon-neutrality ticket, a share of the fare will be placed into the marine carbon sink fund to offset some of the carbon emissions from the flight. The ticket and the flight will be certified as carbon neutral.。

The first batch of carbon sink funds will be used in the ecological restoration of mangroves forest, which is a highly valued ecosystem boasting rich biodiversity, according to Xiamen Airlines.。

One of the world's largest express transportation companies, FedEx highlighted green, digital and efficiency at the fourth China International Import Expo (CIIE).。

"In China, with key initiatives including vehicle electrification, sustainable facilities and paperless shipping, FedEx is on the way to reducing the carbon footprint of its operations and attaining sustainable development," said Eddy Chan, FedEx senior vice president and president of FedEx China.。

VAST NICHE MARKET。

"China is a vast niche market for global aviation players, with great opportunities in its low-carbon development and the civil aviation industry's green transformation," said Wang Qi, vice president of sales and chief representative of ATR China.。

The country is endeavoring to make basic air travel services reach more people, especially those living in remote regions by coordinating development of both trunk and regional route air service.。

"It will be more fuel-efficient and cost-effective to use suitable aircraft models on the right air routes." Wang added that focusing on developing aircraft with 30 to 78 seats, the company is ambitious to have its role in serving China's regional aviation market.。

"China is a visionary in growing in a low-carbon and green way. We have a lot of progress here and will have more opportunities to go forward," said Steven Lien, president of Honeywell China and Aerospace Asia Pacific.。

The global high tech-company is exploring more business opportunities in China, by supporting Chinese airlines with more efficient flights, providing more efficient engines, and exploring applications of sustainable aviation fuels and urban air transport powered by clean energy.。

"We look forward to continuing shoulder-to-shoulder advancement with our Chinese partners to build a green, low-carbon industrial ecosystem," said Lien. Enditem。

西安市解决疫情防控不到位相关责任人26名******

12月23日,据中纪委国家监委网址信息,自12月4日塔吉克斯坦飞机航班海外键入新冠肺炎h7n9至今,西安市早已机构纪检监察党员干部进行监督检查15轮数,查验关键环节位1348个,当场发觉并催促立行立改问题203个,追责问责疫情防控不到位党的基层组织和企业4个,解决有关责任者26名,通告曝出2起14人。

据统计,这轮肺炎疫情产生后,西安市纪委监委立即创立了疫情防控监督检查工作中领导组,由负责人公安部党委,全方位统筹兼顾全省纪检监察机关单位监督检查工作中。领导组内设8个监督检查组,对联络企业开展常态定期检查关键抽样检查。与此同时,该地规定各个区县纪委监委、安排各经济开发区纪检监察统战部借调工作人员,创立相对应组织,同歩进行监督检查工作中。现阶段,全省2400多名纪检监察党员干部,除1人集中化防护、28人在家防护之外,所有迎战在监管一线。

“突出主题,才可以以问题为导向。”西安市纪委监委党风政风监管室责任人告知小编,该地8个监督检查组采用明查暗访、现场查询、交谈采访、催促核查等方法,紧抓中风险地域、防护小区酒店餐厅、院校商场超市、交通卡点、药房医院门诊和核酸检测定位点等关键场地防控措施落实情况,不断增加监督检查幅度。

对于查验看到的某些企业核酸检测机构不严实、样版复检不立即、检验试品生产调度不精确等问题,规定各县区和经济开发区明确1名区县市级领导干部实际承担核酸检测取样和运输工作中,保证每2钟头复检1次;各县区和经济开发区纪检监察机关单位对分别管辖区取样点分块包抓,保证监督检查全覆盖;借调31名纪检监察党员干部进驻19家第三方核酸检测试验室进行监督检查,保证样版检验自始至终处在平稳高效率情况;创立2个机动性检查组,按时对省份疫情防控总指挥部强调的关键问题整改状况开展监督检查。

“对在疫情防控工作上不当担、不当作,推诿扯皮、消沉应付等四风问题官僚主义问题严厉查处、精确追责、立即曝出,进一步严明疫情防控组织纪律性,卡紧夯实多方义务。”西安市纪委监委相关负责人详细介绍,对在早期常态疫情防控全过程中,观念高度重视层度不足、行为主体责任落实不及时、有关制度执行不严苛、內部管理状况混轮等因素导致海外防护酒店餐厅发生领导小组工作员感柒新冠肺炎问题,市纪委监委经核查,已给与10名责任者政纪政务处分或组织处理,并在全区区域内开展通告。与此同时,对于当地疫情防控总指挥部在疫情防控中,流调、监管工作中对接不畅顺、不同歩,造成密接工作人员不可以立即监管及时等问题,给与该区域疫情防控总指挥部4名责任者政务处分或组织处理。

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来源于:中央电视台新闻客户端。

编写:王莉文。

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The Merkel rhombus: How a hand gesture became a brand******

AFP。

This file photo taken on November 10, 2021 shows German Chancellor Angela Merkel (center) forming her typical hand gesture, the so-called "Merkel-Raute" (known in English as Merkel Rhombus, Merkel Diamond or Triangle of Power), as she poses with Queen Margrethe II of Denmark (left) and her son, Crown Prince Frederik of Denmark during a reception at the Chancellery in Berlin.。

Hands resting in front of the stomach, thumbs and fingertips touching to form a diamond shape – Angela Merkel's "rhombus" hand gesture was her most recognizable trademark.。

The gesture has its own Wikipedia page, its own emoticon, "<>", and the longtime German leader has even been immortalized adopting the pose at London's famous Madame Tussauds waxworks museum.。

But the "Merkel-Raute," as it is known in German, became her signature largely by accident – born from a camera-shy Merkel being unsure how to pose during a photo shoot for Stern magazine in 2002.。

Then head of the Christian Democrats (CDU) but still three years away from being elected as chancellor for the first time, Merkel "didn't know what to do with her hands," photographer Claudia Kempf later recalled.。

"She let them hang down next to her, which made her look a bit exposed, or she joined them together. I said to her, 'You look too much like a pastor's daughter'," Kempf told the Rheinische Post newspaper in 2009.。

A few months before German elections in 2013, Merkel offered her own explanation of how the gesture had come about.。

"It's about the question of where to put your arms," said the trained physicist, adding that the rhombus also showed "a certain love of symmetry."

At the time of that interview, Merkel was campaigning for a third term in office.。

AFP。

This file photo taken on September 22, 2013 shows people walking by a giant election billboard featuring German Chancellor Angela Merkel's famous diamond-shape hands gesture also known as Merkel rhombus that is displayed on the construction site of a hotel in Berlin.。

The whole parliament comes up for renewal in German federal elections, but her CDU party had decided on a very personalized campaign.。

A billboard 70 meters wide by 20 meters tall was erected near Berlin's central station featuring a giant image of the Merkel rhombus, made up of over 2,000 photographs of hands, with the slogan "Germany's future in good hands."

The rival Social Democrats (SPD) slammed what they called an "empty personality cult" around Merkel, while the Greens lamented: "If this is politics, we have fallen very low."

But the woman affectionately nicknamed "Mutti" (mummy) won the election by a wide margin a few weeks later, with the Merkel rhombus becoming "probably one of the most recognizable hand gestures in the world," according to Britain's Guardian newspaper.。

The gesture has also been likened to a bridge, a protective roof, and even a sign made between Illuminati members to identify themselves.。

"I believe the Merkel rhombus was initially adopted unconsciously," said Jochen Hoerisch, a communications specialist at the University of Mannheim.。

"But once it had been noticed by the public it was then consciously used by the chancellor as a brand."

AFP。

An employee assembles an incense smoker featuring Angela Merkel making her typical "rhombus" hand gesture.。

Even in the twilight of Merkel's political career, the gesture was once again catapulted into the spotlight during this year's election campaign when SPD chancellor candidate Olaf Scholz adopted it on a magazine cover.。

Scholz used the gesture in a photo shoot for the Sueddeutsche Zeitung – part of his strategy to position himself as the true Merkel continuity candidate, as opposed to Armin Laschet, the challenger from Merkel's party.。

This claim on Merkel's legacy prompted a backlash from the CDU and even from Merkel herself, who was at pains to point out that there were "enormous differences" between herself and Scholz.。

河北一教师老家盖房遭邻居阻挠31年 乡、村干部调解多年无果******

王志伟的宅基地经村、乡、县三级审批。

据王志伟提供的信访事项答复书等材料显示,村、乡干部曾多次为此事进行调解,但都无果。该信访意见答复书还称:“王志伟家宅基地有县、乡、村三级手续,受法律保护,支持王志伟按原来审批手续使用宅基地。”

王志伟当过多年乡村民办教师,直至上世纪九十年代中期才转正。他说,这么多年,他和老婆一直住在学校的宿舍里,回老家的时候也只能住在父母兄弟家。前些年他们在县城买了一套七十余平方米的房子,才算有了自己的家。但农村讲究“落叶归根”,他还是想在老家的宅基地上盖上房子,以度余生。

1991年,北冶乡政府曾就王志伟王平平的纠纷问题给出过调查处理意见。

10月22日,下滩村一位村干部向澎湃新闻证实了王志伟所述事项,其称,乡、村干部多次调解无果,“我们也没有执法权,只能调解,调解人家不听的话,只能看他们能不能通过打官司解决。”但这名村干部也坦言,即便打了官司,但执行起来也是问题。

对于此事,王平平未接受采访。

农村建房纠纷,基层干部面临的难题。武汉大学中国乡村治理中心博士研究生望超凡此前在澎湃新闻刊发文章建议,重建农村公共权威和利益分配规则,才能够对各种新增利益进行清晰且受到普遍认可地分配,进而化解错综复杂的农民利益纠纷。

盖房遭邻居多次阻挠

1990年12月,时任平山县民办教师的王志伟,经过村委会、乡镇府、县政府三级审批,在他老家北冶乡下滩村获得一块宅基地。其《村民宅基地审批表》显示,该审批表上除村委会、乡政府、县政府的“同意”意见外,还有经村民代表讨论、乡计生站审核后的“同意”意见。所批宅基地属于规划内的村内空闲地,面积0.25亩(约167平方米)。

但之后,王志伟建房活动遭到南边邻居王平平的阻挠。平山县北冶乡政府1991年10月15日出具的《北冶乡人民政府民事处理意见书》显示,王志伟与王平平产生侵权纠纷一案,北冶乡政府就此案经过了周密的调查,取证了有关人员的证明材料和村委意见,已经处理完毕查明。

上述处理意见书显示,王志伟宅基地1990年合法取得,并办理了宅基地使用证等相关手续。在王志伟两次动工期间,王平平多次出手制止、强行阻拦,迫使王志伟停止施工。此外,在审批规划王志伟宅基地期间,王平平未经任何干部批准,加紧在王志伟的宅基地内挖了一个坑,准备做猪圈,实属严重的违法行为,村委会、乡政府调解无效。根据《土地管理法》第十一条规定,作出如下处理意见:

一、王平平阻拦王志伟动工建筑实属侵权行为,宅基地以内的一切附着物应无条件全部腾出,不准影响王志伟的正常施工建筑。

二、王志伟所审批的宅基地,是经村委会申报,又办理了宅基地使用证,理应动工建筑,维持村委会意见,他人无权干涉。

王志伟称,当时乡政府对这个事情的态度比较强硬,所以王平平很快就填平了为做猪圈挖的坑。但此后,王平平仍不断阻挠王志伟建房,并另建一座猪圈,侵占了王志伟的部分宅基地。

1996年,王志伟(又名王爱平)与王平平曾达成协议。

1996年,王志伟准备起诉王平平,并为此调取了部分证据。其中,平山县土地局档案查阅记录显示,王志伟宅基地总面积195平方米(注:含预留公共道路等部分)其中,该宅基地南边与王平平房屋根基之间留有滴水4.5尺(约1.5米)),东边留道5.8尺(约1.9米)。

王志伟称,起诉后法官对双方进行了调解,并于1996年4月8日签下一份协议书。该协议书显示,经双方协商同意,王志伟在新批宅基地南边留出5.5尺(约1.8米)道路一条,南边以王平平北房石根基为限,所留道路有王志伟半尺滴水,但不得向道上扫雪,所留道路双方均不许占用。

此外,双方还约定,王志伟宅院东边留6尺(约2米)宽南北道路一条,王平平猪圈所占道路部分一个月内拆除,王平平在王志伟宅基地内的建筑及附着物一个月内拆除腾清。

王志伟介绍,这份协议等于是他做出了一些让步妥协才达成的,但王平平之后仍不履行该协议,“只要我一动工,王平平和家人就出面阻拦,因为不能正常施工,我的房子在垒起根基后,村里和外村人没人再敢承包干活。”

做好房屋根基却被拆毁数米

此后,双方再起争执是在2018年。王志伟说:“2018年,我妻子癌症病情加重,她的愿望是能回到自己老家。我就回家准备盖房,找人估算工程时,王平平看到了,为了阻拦我家盖房,他就组织家人拆毁了我家垒起多年的房根基。”

信访事项答复意见书显示,2018年4月,王平平家人将王志伟家已垒好的房根基拆毁数米。

王志伟提供的《北冶乡信访事项答复意见书》调查情况显示,经查,2018年4月9日,下滩村实施“户户通”道路硬化工程,硬化至王志伟家宅基地时,邻居王平平妻子崔变林、儿子王成成、侄子王素龙拆毁王志伟已垒好的房根基数米,并将施工队已固定好的盒子板拉出,超出规定边界,侵占了王志伟家宅基地,并用水泥进行了硬化。

事后,乡政府介入调查核实,王志伟家宅基地有1990年县、乡、村三级审批手续。乡、村两级干部到现场调解,要求王平平把侵占王志伟宅基地硬化部分切割掉,王平平拒不执行。后乡、村两级干部又多次进行调解无果。

2018年4月,王平平的妻子等侵占王志伟家宅基地,并用水泥进行硬化。

该答复意见书给出的处理意见为:王志伟家宅基地有县、乡、村三级手续,受法律保护,支持王志伟按原来审批手续使用宅基地;乡、村两级干部多次调解无果,建议其走司法程序处理此事。

王志伟表示,在房屋根基被毁、宅基地被侵占后,他曾报警,但最终仍不了了之。

获批宅基地时,王志伟还是一名乡村民办教师。后来转正为公办教师,他仍在乡村学校教书多年,直至前些年才调至平山县教育局工作,目前已到退休年龄,正在办理退休手续。王志伟的爱人始终为农村户口,做过幼儿园代理老师,因患癌症于2020年去世。

王志伟说,这么多年,他和老婆一直住在学校的宿舍里,回老家的时候也只能住在父母兄弟家。前些年他们在县城买了一套七十余平方米的房子,才算有了自己的家。但农村讲究“落叶归根”,他还是想在老家的宅基地上盖上房子,以度余生。

10月22日,下滩村一位村干部向澎湃新闻证实了此事,该干部表示,王志伟和王平平两家这个纠纷持续几十年,都成历史问题了,乡、村干部多次调解,之前两家各自让步达成协议,但后来又起冲突,王平平家又侵占了王志伟家的宅基地,“我们又没执法权,只能调解,调解人家不听的话,只能看他们能不能通过打官司解决。”

但这名村干部也坦言,之前他们两家也打过官司,达成过协议,但执行起来也是问题。“人家不执行怎么办呢?都说远亲不如近邻,邻里间还是要处好关系,不然以后住一起也是问题。”记者询问其是否考虑过给王志伟调换一块宅基地?该干部表示,村里已经没有空闲宅基地调换了。

此后,澎湃新闻又致电王平平,但其听到记者询问宅基地纠纷一事后,便将电话挂断。

图中白色小楼为王平平家,图右侧空地为王志伟家的宅基地。

如何化解农村复杂的纠纷难题?此前,福建莆田一位基层干部在接受澎湃新闻采访时坦言,过去几年,建房问题成为农村纠纷矛盾的高发区。建房前需要邻居签字“四邻协议”,时常一些村民将其利用成刁难他人的工具。基层干部也只能介入调解,多数调解不成的只能拖着。

依靠基层干部调解已难以有效化解复杂的农民利益纠纷。有着长期的基层调研经验的武汉大学中国乡村治理中心博士研究生望超凡此前在澎湃新闻刊发文章认为,现阶段农村社会中的矛盾纠纷基本上都是利益纠纷,要解决利益纠纷,关键是在纠纷各方之间划出一条大家都认可的利益边界。重建农村公共权威和利益分配规则,才能够对各种新增利益进行清晰且受到普遍认可地分配,进而化解错综复杂的农民利益纠纷。


“王牌”武器设计师本京:“投入全部激情才能持续前进”

1.军     医

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